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React Native Camera SDK
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Getting Started

The camera SDK is a PPG recording module that you can use in combination with the FibriCheck Javascript SDK. This page help you to get started with this module.

Intro

A FibriCheck measurement consists of PPG data. To gather this PPG data, the Camera SDK will natively communicate with the underlying iOS/Android camera layer, process this data, and return an object that is ready to be submitted to our backend for analysis. Multiple properties and listeners can be adjusted/attached for improving the visualization/customization of the process.
A FibriCheck Measurement consists of multiple phases:
  1. 1.
    Finger detection
    • Checks for the presence of a finger on the camera. A timeout can be set to 0 to skip this phase. By default this is -1 which means that it will keep checking until a finger has been detected.
  2. 2.
    Pulse detection
    • Checks if a pulse is present. When no pulse has been detected for 10 seconds, the calibration phase will start.
  3. 3.
    Calibration
    • When performing a measurement, a baseline needs to be calculated. When this baseline has been calculated, the calibration is ready and recording can commence.
  4. 4.
    Recording
    • The real deal. The recording calculates the PPG data by communicating with the native camera layers. The default length of the recording is 60 seconds, but can be changed by updating the sampleTime.
  5. 5.
    Processing
    • When the recording is finished, some additional processing needs to be done on the measurement. When done, a measurement object is presented via the onMeasurementProcessed event.

Installation

To install the Camera SDK, you will need to have access to the Camera SDK git repository.
In your project, if you are using yarn or npm you need to create a file called .npmrc at the root level of your project and add these lines. Replace ${AUTH_TOKEN} with your personal access token. You can get a new one here. Make sure you enable the read:packages scope.
@fibricheck:registry=https://npm.pkg.github.com
@extrahorizon:registry=https://npm.pkg.github.com
//npm.pkg.github.com/:_authToken=${AUTH_TOKEN}
Alternatively, this file can be added/edited in your home directory and it will be applied to all projects.
Explanation from GitHub on how to add your token can be found here.
using npm:
npm install @fibricheck/react-native-camera-sdk
using yarn:
yarn add @fibricheck/react-native-camera-sdk

Making your first recording

Permissions

The recording makes use of the device's camera. So to begin, you need to provide camera permissions. You can use this snippet to accomplish that:
import {request, PERMISSIONS} from 'react-native-permissions';
const [camera, setCamera] = useState(false);
useEffect(() => {
if (Platform.OS === 'ios') {
request(PERMISSIONS.IOS.CAMERA).then(result => {
setCamera(result === 'granted');
});
} else {
request(PERMISSIONS.ANDROID.CAMERA).then(result => {
setCamera(result === 'granted');
});
}
}, []);
Also, don't forget the define these permissions:

Android

Add this to the AndroidManifest.xml file:
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
For more information regarding Android permissions, check the official Android documentation.

iOS

Add this to the Info.plist file:
<key>NSCameraUsageDescription</key>
<string>Your own description of the purpose</string>
For more information regarding these iOS permissions, check the official iOS documentation.

Third-party library

As you can see in the snippet, we make use of the react-native-permissions library. In order to use this library, make sure to add these values to your Podfile:
target 'MyAppName' do
# react-native-permissions permission handlers
permissions_path = '../node_modules/react-native-permissions/ios'
pod 'Permission-Camera', :path => "#{permissions_path}/Camera.podspec"
end
Make sure you execute pod install and restart the metro bundler after applying these changes!
More information can be found in the readme of their repository.

Component

When the permissions are all set up, you can implement the FibriCheck component like this:
<RNFibriCheckView
style={{ flex: 1, backgroundColor: '#ffffff' }}
onFingerDetected={() => console.log('finger detected')}
onFingerRemoved={() => console.log('finger removed')}
onCalibrationReady={() => console.log('calibration ready')}
onMeasurementFinished={() => console.log('measurement finished')}
onMeasurementStart={() => console.log('measurement recording started')}
onFingerDetectionTimeExpired={() =>
console.log('finger detection time expired')
}
onPulseDetected={() => console.log('pulse detected')}
onPulseDetectionTimeExpired={() =>
console.log('pulse detection time is expired')
}
onMovementDetected={() => console.log('movement detected')}
onHeartBeat={(heartRate) => console.log(`current heart rate: ${heartRate}`)}
onTimeRemaining={(seconds) => console.log(`time remaining: ${seconds}`)}
onMeasurementError={(error) => console.log(`measurement error occured: ${error}`)}
onMeasurementProcessed={(data) =>
console.log('measurement processed and ready to send!');
}
/>

Pitfalls

Drawing on the JS Thread

When benchmarking the SDK, we noticed that drawing on the JS Thread while taking a measurement caused severe spikes in the processing power. This will results in a bad quality measurement. So when creating a visualisation, for example counting down the seconds that are left in a measurement, make sure you are not drawing on the JS Thread. Either make use of Native Driver or use React Reanimated. When using third party libraries for creating animations, make sure they also offload the drawing from the JS Thread.

Using the correct camera lens

Placing your finger on the wrong camera can also result in a bad quality measurement. The Camera SDK makes use of wide-angle-camera of your phone. To make sure the correct lens is used, you can create a 'peephole' for this lens. This way, the user can check wich is the correct lens to use. At the moment of writing, there is one library that is able to select the correct lens: react-native-vision-camera. We make use of this snippet:
import { Camera, useCameraDevices } from 'react-native-vision-camera';
import styled from 'styled-components/native';
const SCREEN_HEIGHT = Dimensions.get('window').height;
const SCREEN_WIDTH = Dimensions.get('window').width;
const radiusBasis = Number(
Math.round(SCREEN_HEIGHT / (SCREEN_HEIGHT <= 800 ? 6 : 8)),
);
const CameraContainer = styled.View`
flex: 1;
align-items: center;
justify-content: center;
max-height: ${radiusBasis}px;
`;
const CameraContent = styled.View`
overflow: hidden;
border-radius: 100px;
`;
const devices = useCameraDevices('wide-angle-camera');
const device = devices.back;
export const FindYourLens = () => {
return (
<CameraContainer>
<CameraContent>
<Camera
style={...}
device={device}
preset={'vga-640x480'}
/>
</CameraContent>
</CameraContainer>
);
};
Asking the camera permissions is of course also necessary, but out of scope for this snippet

Not catching all measurement errors

Because the measurement will halt when a measurement error occurs, all measurement errors need to be catched. So don't forget your onMeasurementError Listener

Not using Hermes

When benchmarking the SDK, we noticed that Hermes also had a big impact in the performance of low end devices. So we advice you to enable it if possible. Instructions can be found in their documentation.
Last modified 3mo ago